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Global impact of diet and temperature over aquaculture of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae from a transcriptomic approach

AuthorsGarcía-Fernández, Pablo; Prado-Álvarez, María ; Nande, M.; García de la Serrana, D.; Perales-Raya, C.; Almansa, E.; Varó, Inmaculada ; Gestal, C.
Issue Date2019
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationScientific Reports 9: 10312 (2019)
AbstractCommon octopus, Octopus vulgaris, is an economically important cephalopod species. However, its rearing under captivity is currently challenged by massive mortalities previous to their juvenile stage due to nutritional and environmental factors. Dissecting the genetic basis and regulatory mechanism behind this mortality requires genomic background knowledge. A transcriptomic sequencing of 10 dph octopus paralarvae from different experimental conditions was constructed via RNA-seq. A total of 613,767,530 raw reads were filtered and de novo assembled into 363,527 contigs of which 82,513 were annotated in UniProt carrying also their GO and KEGG information. Differential gene expression analysis was carried out on paralarvae reared under different diet regimes and temperatures, also including wild paralarvae. Genes related to lipid metabolism exhibited higher transcriptional levels in individuals whose diet includes crustacean zoeas, which had an impact over their development and immune response capability. High temperature induces acclimation processes at the time that increase metabolic demands and oxidative stress. Wild individuals show an expression profile unexpectedly similar to Artemia fed individuals. Proteomic results support the hypothesis revealed by transcriptional analysis. The comparative study of the O. vulgaris transcriptomic profiles allowed the identification of genes that deserve to be further studied as candidates for biomarkers of development and health. The results obtained here on the transcriptional variations of genes caused by diet and temperature will provide new perspectives in understanding the molecular mechanisms behind nutritional and temperature requirements of common octopus that will open new opportunities to deepen in paralarvae rearing requirements
Description17 pages, 8 figures, 4 tables.-- This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46492-2
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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