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Calmodulin as a protein linker and a regulator of adaptor/scaffold proteins

AuthorsVillalobo, Antonio ; Ishida, Hiroaki; Vogel, Hans J.; Berchtold, Martin W.
KeywordsAdaptor proteins
Bridging proteins
Protein-protein interaction
Scaffold proteins
Issue Date2018
CitationBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research 1865(3): 507-521 (2018)
AbstractCalmodulin (CaM) is a universal regulator for a huge number of proteins in all eukaryotic cells. Best known is its function as a calcium-dependent modulator of the activity of enzymes, such as protein kinases and phosphatases, as well as other signaling proteins including membrane receptors, channels and structural proteins. However, less well known is the fact that CaM can also function as a Ca2+-dependent adaptor protein, either by bridging between different domains of the same protein or by linking two identical or different target proteins together. These activities are possible due to the fact that CaM contains two independently-folded Ca2+ binding lobes that are able to interact differentially and to some degree separately with targets proteins. In addition, CaM can interact with and regulates several proteins that function exclusively as adaptors. This review provides an overview over our present knowledge concerning the structural and functional aspects of the role of CaM as an adaptor protein and as a regulator of known adaptor/scaffold proteins.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2017.12.004
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