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Aqueous and non-aqueous Li+/H+ ion exchange in Li0.44La0.52TiO3 perovskite

AuthorsDurán, Teresa ; Climent-Pascual, Esteban ; Pérez-Prior, Maria T.; Levenfeld, Belen; Varez, Alejandro; Sobrados, Isabel ; Sanz Lázaro, Jesús
KeywordsLLTO perovskite
Li+/H+ exchange
Benzoic acid
1H and 7Li MAS-NMR
Issue DateFeb-2017
CitationAdvanced Powder Technology 28(2): 514-520 (2017)
AbstractThe topotactic Li/H exchange in LiLaTiO has been studied in different aqueous and non-aqueous media with different acidity. With this purpose, aqueous hydrochloric and nitric acid solutions and benzoic acid/ethanol solution were employed. The pristine and exchanged samples have been characterized by H and Li MAS-NMR, TGA and XRD techniques. Aqueous hydrochloric and nitric acid solutions produce the powders degradation and the subsequent formation of LiTiO and LaTiO phases. A detailed analysis of the H MAS NMR spectra of exchanged samples indicate that Li/H exchange reaction in pure water produced formation of LiOH at the particles surface, band at 0 ppm, that could subsequently carbonated after exposition in air. Furthermore the presence of other OH signals at 8, 6 and 2 ppm has been related to differences on octahedral Ti-O distances, produced by La/vacancy ordering in alternating planes of perovskites. In samples immersed into benzoic acid/ethanol solution results are similar, however the amount of LiOH species in particle surface is considerable lower. The exchange degree improved when increasing exchange temperature. The mechanical grinding of powders decreases the particle size improving exchange reactions; however, grinding treatments eliminated specific NMR bands of perovskite. In ground materials new H NMR bands at 6 and 4 ppm were ascribed to an amorphous phase.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apt.2016.10.020
Appears in Collections:(ICMM) Artículos
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