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The effects of dietary protein level during food restriction on carcass and non-carcass components, digestibility and subsequent compensatory growth in lambs

AutorIason, G. R.; Mantecón, Ángel R.
Palabras claveDietary protein
Food restriction
Fecha de publicación1993
EditorBritish Society of Animal Production
CitaciónAnimal Production, 56(1): 93-100 (1993)
ResumenThe effect of proportion of dietary rumen non-degradable protein during food restriction on the weight of components of the digestive tract, carcass and subsequent growth was investigated in 37 Scottish Blackface wether lambs (initial live weight, 25 kg). Lambs were given individually ad libitum for 4 weeks a complete pelleted diet containing 150 g/kg white fish-meal (HP, 10.4 MJ metabolizable energy (ME) per kg dry matter (DM), 195 g crude protein (CP) per kg DM). Seven lambs were then slaughtered and 15 were switched to a diet containing no white fish-meal (LP, 10.4 MJ ME per kg DM, 122 g CP per kg DM) offered at 18 g DM per kg M per day, i.e. sufficient to maintain constant live weight. A further 15 continued to receive the HP diet at the same rate as the lambs given LP. After 6 and 12 weeks, five lambs on each diet were slaughtered. At 12 weeks the remainder received the HP diet ad libitum for a further 7 weeks before slaughter. During food restriction on both diets, the proportion of live weight formed by the carcass, the dissected components and the chemical composition remained the same as in the initial slaughter group. The relative weight of the non-carcass components fell during food restriction on both diets. There was a significant (P < 0.05) interaction between slaughter date and dietary treatment for reticulo-rumen weight as a proportion of empty body weight (EBM); it was smaller in lambs on the HP diet after 12 weeks of restriction (HP: 0.022, LP: 0.026). A similar pattern was observed for the small intestine and the total digestive tract. During the 7 weeks of realimentation, lambs previously on HP and LP diets had similar intakes (1343 and 1208 g DM per day) and digestive tract components, body components and chemical composition of carcass and non-carcass components were all unaffected by previous treatment. The apparent digestibility of CP of the HP diet was greater than that of the LP diet although it was overall less degradable in the rumen. When both groups of lambs were realimented on the HP diet, there were no differences in the apparent digestibility of any of the dietary components. A high dietary protein: energy ratio during restriction reduced the weight of some of the components of the digestive tract but did not significantly affect carcass composition. The effect did not persist following realimentation and did not significantly influence subsequent performance.
Descripción8 pages, 4 tables, 2 figures.
Versión del editorhttp://www.bsas.org.uk/Publications/
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