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Title

Tracking Five Millennia of Horse Management with Extensive Ancient Genome Time Series

AuthorsFages, Antoine; Hanghøj, Kristian; Khan, Naveed; Gaunitz, Charleen; Seguin-Orlando, Andaine; Leonardi, Michela; McCrory Constantz, Christian; Gamba, Cristina; Al-Rasheid, Khaled A.S.; Albizuri, Silvia; Alfarhan, Ahmed; Allentoft, Morten; Alquraishi, Saleh; Anthony, David; Baimukhanov, Nurbol; Barrett, James H.; Bayarsaikhan, Jamsranjav; Benecke, Norbert; Bernáldez-Sánchez, E.; Berrocal-Rangel, Luis; Biglari, Fereidoun; Boessenkool, Sanne; Boldgiv, Bazartseren; Brem, Gottfried; Brown, Dorcas; Burger, Joachim; Crubézy, Eric; Daugnora, Linas; Davoudi, Hossein; Barros Damgaard, Peter de; Chorro y de Villa-Ceballos, María de los Ángeles de; Deschler-Erb, Sabine; Detry, Cleia; Dill, Nadine; Oom, Maria do Mar; Dohr, Anna; Ellingvåg, Sturla; Erdenebaatar, Diimaajav; Fathi, Homa; Felkel, Sabine; Fernández-Rodríguez, Carlos; García-Viñas, E.; Germonpré, M.; Granado, José D.; Hallsson, Jón H.; Hemmer, Helmut; Hofreiter, Michael; Kasparov, Aleksei; Khasanov, Mutalib; Khazaeli, Roya; Kosintsev, Pavel; Kristiansen, Kristian; Kubatbek,Tabaldiev; Kuderna, Lukas F. K.; Kuznetsov, Pavel; Laleh, Haeedeh; Leonard, Jennifer A.; Lhuillier, Johanna; Lettow-Vorbeck, Corina Liesau von; Logvin, Andrey; Lõugas, Lembi; Ludwig, Arne; Luis, Cristina; Arruda, Ana Margarida; Marques-Bonet,Tomas; Matoso Silva, Raquel; Merz, Victor; Mijiddorj, Enkhbayar; Miller, Bryan K.; Monchalov, Oleg; Mohaseb, Fatemeh A.; Morales, Arturo ; Nieto-Espinet, Ariadna ; Nistelberger, Heidi; Onar, Vedat; Pálsdóttir, Albína H.; Pitulko, Vladimir; Pitskhelauri, Konstantin; Pruvost, Mélanie; Rajic Sikanjic, Petra; Rapan Papeša, Anita; Roslyakova, Natalia; Sardari, Alireza; Sauer, Eberhard; Schafberg, Renate; Scheu, Amelie; Schibler, Jörg; Schlumbaum, Angela; Serrand, Nathalie; Serres-Armero, Aitor; Shapiro, Beth; Seno, Shiva Sheikhi; Shevnina, Irina; Shidrang, Sonia; Southon, John; Star, Bastiaan; Sykes, Naomi; Taheri, Kamal; Taylor, William; Teegen, Wolf-Rüdiger; Trbojević Vukičević, Tajana; Trixl, Simon; Tumen, Dashzeveg; Undrakhbold, Sainbileg; Usmanova, Emma; Vahdati, Ali; Valenzuela-Lamas, Silvia ; Viegas, Catarina; Wallner, Barbara; Weinstock, Jaco; Zaibert, Victor; Clavel, Benoit; Lepetz, Sébastien; Mashkour, Marjan; Helgason, Agnar; Stefánsson, Kári; Barrey, Eric; Willerslev, Eske; Outram, Alan K.; Librado, Pablo; Orlando, Ludovic
KeywordsAncient DNA
Domestication
Animal breeding
Horses
Mules
Extinct lineages
Selection
Diversity
Management
Equestrian civilizations
Issue Date2019
PublisherElsevier
CitationCell (177/6) : 1419-1435.e31 (2019)
AbstractHorse domestication revolutionized warfare and accelerated travel, trade, and the geographic expansion of languages. Here, we present the largest DNA time series for a non-human organism to date, including genome-scale data from 149 ancient animals and 129 ancient genomes (≥1-fold coverage), 87 of which are new. This extensive dataset allows us to assess the modern legacy of past equestrian civilizations. We find that two extinct horse lineages existed during early domestication, one at the far western (Iberia) and the other at the far eastern range (Siberia) of Eurasia. None of these contributed significantly to modern diversity. We show that the influence of Persian-related horse lineages increased following the Islamic conquests in Europe and Asia. Multiple alleles associated with elite-racing, including at the MSTN “speed gene,” only rose in popularity within the last millennium. Finally, the development of modern breeding impacted genetic diversity more dramatically than the previous millennia of human management.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867419303848
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/186687
DOI10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049
ISSN0092-8674
E-ISSN1097-4172
Appears in Collections:(IMF) Artículos
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