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Exchange bias in sputtered FeNi/FeMn systems: effect of short low-temperature heat treatments

AuthorsSavin, Peter; Guzmán, Jorge; Lepalovskij, Vladimir; Svalov, Andrey; Kurlyandskaya, Galina; Asenjo Barahona, Agustina ; Vas'Kovskiy, Vladimir; Vázquez Villalabeitia, Manuel
KeywordsMultilayer films
Heat treatment
Exchange bias
Interface roughness
Grain size
Issue Date15-Mar-2016
CitationJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 402: 49-54 (2016)
AbstractShort (5 min) post-deposition thermal treatments under magnetic field at low temperature (up to 200 °C) performed in exchange-coupled FeNi(40 nm)/FeMn(20 nm) bilayer thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are shown to be effective to significantly modify their exchange field (from around 40 Oe down to 27 Oe) between FeNi and FeMn layers. A similar exchange field decrease was observed for the first deposited FeNi layer of the FeNi(40 nm)/FeMn(20 nm)/FeNi(40 nm) trilayer films after the same thermal treatments. The exchange field value for the second FeNi layer was not substantially changed. The X-ray diffraction patterns indicates that such a heat treatment has no effect on the grain size and crystalline texture of the films, while atomic force microscope studies reveal an increase of the surface roughness after the treatment which is more noticeable in the case of the trilayer film. Analysis of the experimental results leads us to conclude that the variations of the exchange field after heat treatment are likely caused by a modification of interfacial roughness and/or interfacial magnetic structure, but unlikely by the changes in the microstructure and/or changes of composition of the antiferromagnetic FeMn layer.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2015.11.027
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2015.11.027
issn: 0304-8853
Appears in Collections:(ICMM) Artículos
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