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Lactobacillus rossiae strain isolated from sourdough produces putrescine from arginine article

AuthorsRío Lagar, Beatriz del CSIC ORCID ; Álvarez Sieiro, Patricia CSIC; Redruello, Begoña CSIC ORCID; Martín, M. Cruz CSIC ORCID ; Fernández García, María CSIC ORCID ; Ladero Losada, Víctor Manuel CSIC ORCID ; Álvarez González, Miguel Ángel CSIC ORCID
Issue Date5-Mar-2018
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationScientific Reports 8: 3989 (2018)
AbstractThis work reports a Lactobacillus rossiae strain (L. rossiae D87) isolated from sourdough that synthesizes putrescine - a biogenic amine that raises food safety and spoilage concerns - from arginine via the ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) pathway. The odc and potE genes were identified and sequenced. These genes respectively encode ornithine decarboxylase (Odc), which participates in the decarboxylation of ornithine to putrescine, and the ornithine/putrescine exchanger (PotE), which exchanges ornithine for putrescine. Transcriptional analysis showed that odc and potE form an operon that is regulated transcriptionally by ornithine in a dose-dependent manner. To explore the possible role of the ODC pathway as an acid stress resistance mechanism for this bacterium, the effect of acidic pHs on its transcriptional regulation and on putrescine biosynthesis was analysed. Acidic pHs induced the transcription of the odc-potE genes and the production of putrescine over that seen at neutral pH. Further, putrescine production via the ODC system improved the survival of L. rossiae D87 by counteracting the acidification of the cytoplasm when the cells were subjected to acidic conditions. These results suggest the ODC pathway of L. rossiae D87 provides a biochemical defence mechanism against acidic environments.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-22309-6
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