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Title

A metabolomics approach reveals immunomodulatory effects of proteinaceous molecules derived from gut bacteria over human peripheral blood mononuclear cells

AuthorsCambeiro-Pérez, Noelia; Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Claudio CSIC ORCID CVN; Moro-García, Marco A.; Alonso-Arias, Rebeca; Simal-Gándara, J.; Sánchez García, Borja CSIC ORCID; Martínez-Carballo, Elena
KeywordsBacterial peptides
Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)
Untargeted metabolomics
LC-ESI-QTOF-MS
Host immunomodulation
Issue Date13-Nov-2018
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Microbiology 9: 2701 (2017)
AbstractThere are strong evidences that probiotics influence the immune status of the host, in a strain-specific manner, acting in the gastrointestinal tract. On the hypothesis that certain extracellular proteins and peptides from gut bacteria may mediate part of this immunomodulation and assuming they are able to diffuse through the mucus layer and interact with immune cells we have developed this work. Our study attempts to understand the immunomodulatory mechanisms of (i) Pext, the extracellular protein fraction of Lactobacillus acidophilus DSM20079T, (ii) HM14, a peptide encrypted in an extracellular glycoside hydrolase from Bifidobacterium longum NCIMB 8809 and (iii) Escherichia coli O111:B4 lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a well-known pro-inflammatory molecule, over human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). An untargeted LC-ESI-QTOF-MS metabolomics approach was applied to reveal intracellular changes in treated-PBMCs isolated from healthy donors. Differences in NADH arrest, NAD+ concentration reduction, as well as increases in palmitic acid and methanephrin were observed in HM14 and Pext treated-cells compared to those stimulated with LPS. This would support an anti-inflammatory molecular mechanism of action of such proteinaceous molecules. Moreover, this methodology has confirms the importance of metabolomics approaches to better understanding immune cell responses to gut bacterial-derived molecules.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.02701
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/185869
DOI10.3389/fmicb.2018.02701
ISSN1664-302X
Appears in Collections:(IPLA) Artículos




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