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Lanthanoid geochemistry of urban atmospheric particulate matter

AuthorsMoreno, Teresa ; Querol, Xavier ; Alastuey, Andrés ; Pey, Jorge ; Minguillón, María Cruz ; Perez, Noemi ; Bernabé, Rosa M.; Blanco, Salvador; Cárdenas-González, Beatriz; Gibbons, Wes
KeywordsAir quality
Particulate matter
Source contributions
Issue Date1-Sep-2008
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationEnvironmental Science and Technology 42 (17): 6502-6507 (2008)
AbstractRelatively little is known about the lanthanoid element (La to Lu) chemistry of inhalable urban atmospheric particulate matter (PM). PM samples collected during an air sampling campaign in the Mexico City area contain lanthanoid concentrations of mostly 1-10 ng m-3, increasing with mass where resuspension of crustal PM is important (low PM2.5/PM 10), but not where fine emissions from traffic and industry dominate (high PM2.5/ PM10). Samples show anthropogenic enrichment of lighter over heavier lanthanoids, and Ce enrichment relative to La and Sm occurs in the city center (especially PM10) possibly due to PM from road vehicle catalytic converters. La is especially enriched, although many samples show low La/V values (<0.11), suggesting the dominating influence of fuel oil combustion sources rather than refinery emissions. We use La/Sm v La/ Ce, LaCeSm, and LaCeV plots to compare Mexico City aerosols with PM from other cities. Lanthanoid aerosol geochemistry can be used not only to identify refinery pollution events, but also as a marker for different hydrocarbon combustion emissions (e.g., oil or coal power stations) on urban background atmospheric PM. © 2008 American Chemical Society.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1021/es800786z
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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