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Molecular approach to determine contributions of the protist community to particle flux

AutorAmacher, Jessica; Neuer, Susanne; Anderson, Ian; Massana, Ramon
Palabras claveProtists
Carbon flux
Particle traps
Clone libraries
18S rDNA
Fecha de publicacióndic-2009
CitaciónDeep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 56(12): 2206-2215 (2009)
ResumenThe importance of key taxonomic groups of eukaryotic phytoplankton as contributors to downward particle flux was evaluated near the European time-series station (ESTOC) in the eastern subtropical North Atlantic in March 2005. For the first time, molecular (cloning and sequencing) techniques were used to compare plankton communities from various depths in the euphotic zone with clone libraries from surface-tethered particle traps. Analyses of 18S rDNA clone libraries revealed compositional differences between the phytoplankton assemblages in the photic zone and those retrieved from shallow particle traps below, suggesting that not all phytoplankton contribute equally to particle flux. Contrary to expectations, our study also showed that it is not diatoms, despite their high abundance in the water column, but rather small phytoplankton taxa that dominated sequences recovered from trap material. We provide here first observational evidence that large taxa with mineral tests may not necessarily contribute more to export production than do smaller taxa even if the former are abundant in the water column.
Descripción10 pages, 4 figures, 2 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2009.08.007
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