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Present-day stress field in the Gibraltar Arc (western Mediterranean)

AutorFernández-Ibáñez, F.; Soto, J. I.; Zoback, M. D.; Morales, Jorge
Fecha de publicación1-ago-2007
EditorAmerican Geophysical Union
CitaciónJournal of Geophysical Research 112
ResumenThe Gibraltar Arc in the western Mediterranean consists of the Betic and Rif Alpine chains and the Alboran Sea Basin. Four types of stress indicators (wellbore breakouts, earthquake focal plane mechanisms, young geologic fault slip data, and hydraulic fracture orientations) indicate a regional NW–SE compressive stress field resulting from Africa-Eurasia plate convergence. In some particular regions, deviations of SHmax are observed with respect to the regional stress field. They are gentle-to-moderate (22°–36°) anticlockwise rotations located along the North Alboran margin and moderate-to-significant (36°–78°) clockwise rotations around the Trans-Alboran Shear Zone (TASZ). This is a broad fault zone composed of different left-lateral strike-slip fault segments running from the eastern Betics to the Alhoceima region in the Rif and resulting in a major bathymetric high in the Alboran Sea (the Alboran Ridge fault zone). Some of these stress rotations appear to be controlled by steep gradients of crustal thickness variation across the North Alboran margin and/or differential loading imposed by thick sedimentary accumulations in basin depocenters parallel to the shoreline. Other stress perturbations may be related to active left-lateral, strike-slip deformation within the TASZ that crosscuts the entire orogenic arc on a NE–SW trend and represents a key element to understand present-day deformation partitioning in the western Mediterranean.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006JB004683.
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