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Trophic position of lanternfishes (Pisces: Myctophidae) of the tropical and equatorial Atlantic estimated using stable isotopes

AuthorsOlivar, M. Pilar CSIC ORCID ; Bode, Antonio; López-Pérez, C. CSIC; Hulley, P. Alexander; Hernández León, Santiago
Mesopelagic fish
Trophic relationships
Issue DateMay-2019
PublisherInternational Council for the Exploration of the Sea
CitationICES Journal of Marine Science 76(3): 649-661 (2019)
AbstractLanternfishes (Myctophidae) constitute the most important component of the daily vertically migrating mesopelagic fish community. This research addresses the estimation of the trophic position and diet of myctophids using stable isotope analyses. Fishes were collected across the central Atlantic, from a very productive zone influenced by the Mauritanian upwelling to the western oligotrophic equatorial waters. The survey also encompassed a zone of low oxygen concentration in the mesopelagic layers. Determinations of δ13C and δ15N values were made on the 20 most frequent and abundant myctophids, from small-sized species (e.g. Notolychnus valdivae) to larger ones (e.g. Myctophum punctatum). Isotope analyses on the seston and several plankton groups were also performed to assess the influence of zonal differences in trophic position (TP) calculations, and to use as food sources in diet estimations. Myctophids displayed a narrow range of trophic positions, being greater than 2 and less than 4, except for N. valdiviae (TP = 1.7). Comparisons of diets estimated through an isotopic mixing model differentiated the smallest species, with a strong seston signature (Diogenichthys atlanticus and N. valdiviae), from the Diaphus species of medium sizes, (D. brachycephalus, D. holti, and D. rafinesquii), which feed on prey of higher TP values
Description13 pages, 7 figures, 3 tables, supplementary data https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsx243
Publisher version (URL)https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsx243
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx243
issn: 1054-3139
e-issn: 1095-9289
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