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Oriented growth of garnet by topotactic reactions and epitaxy in high-pressure, mafic garnet granulite formed by dehydration melting of metastable hornblende-gabbronorite (Jijal Complex, Kohistan Complex, north Pakistan).

AutorPadrón-Navarta, J. A.; Garrido Marín, Carlos ; Sánchez-Navas, A.; Tommasi, A.; López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, V.; Gómez-Pugnaire, M. T.; Hussain, Shaid S.
Palabras claveAmphibole dehydration-melting
HP mafic granulite
Jijal complex
Jijal Complex
HP Mafic Granulite
Fecha de publicación26-ago-2008
EditorBlackwell Publishing
CitaciónJournal of Metamorphic Geology 26(8): 855 - 870 (2008)
ResumenGarnet growth in high-pressure, mafic garnet granulites formed by dehydration melting of hornblende-gabbronorite protoliths in the Jijal complex (Kohistan palaeo-island arc complex, north Pakistan) was investigated through a microstructural EBSD-SEM and HRTEM study. Composite samples preserve a sharp transition in which the low-pressure precursor is replaced by garnet through a millimetre-sized reaction front. A magmatic foliation in the gabbronorite is defined by mafic-rich layering, with an associated magmatic lineation defined by the shape-preferred orientation (SPO) of mafic clusters composed of orthopyroxene (Opx), clinopyroxene (Cpx), amphibole (Amp) and oxides. The shape of the reaction front is convoluted and oblique to the magmatic layering. Opx, Amp and, to a lesser extent, Cpx show a strong lattice-preferred orientation (LPO) characterized by an alignment of [001] axes parallel to the magmatic lineation in the precursor hornblende-gabbronorite. Product garnet (Grt) also displays a strong LPO. Two of the four 〈111〉 axes are within the magmatic foliation plane and the density maximum is subparallel to the precursor magmatic lineation. The crystallographic relationship 〈111〉Grt//[001]Opx,Cpx,Amp deduced from the LPO was confirmed by TEM observations. The sharp and discontinuous modal and compositional variations observed at the reaction front attest to the kinetic inhibition of prograde solid-state reactions predicted by equilibrium-phase diagrams. The P-T field for the equilibration of Jijal garnet granulites shows that the reaction affinities are 5-10 kJ mol.−1 for the Grt-in reaction and 0-5 kJ mol.−1 for the Opx-out reaction. Petrographic and textural observations indicate that garnet first nucleated on amphibole at the rims of mafic clusters; this topotactic replacement resulted in a strong LPO of garnet. Once the amphibole was consumed in the reaction, the parallelism of [001] axes of the mafic-phase reactants favoured the growth of garnet crystals with similar orientations over a pyroxene substrate. These aggregates eventually sintered into single-crystal garnet. In the absence of deformation, the orientation of mafic precursor phases conditioned the nucleation site and the crystallographic orientation of garnet because of topotaxial transformation reactions and homoepitaxial growth of garnet during the formation of high-pressure, mafic garnet-granulite after low-pressure mafic protoliths.
Descripción16 pages, 7 figures, 1 table.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1314.2008.00789.x
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