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Title

Foreign Subsidiaries and Technology Sourcing in Spain

AuthorsHoll, Adelheid CSIC ORCID ; Rama Dellepiane, Ruth
KeywordsCooperation for innovation
R&D outsourcing
Foreign subsidiaries
Multinational enterprises
Issue Date2014
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationIndustry and Innovation 21: 43- 64 (2014)
AbstractFirms acquire external technological knowledge via different channels. In this paper, we compare the technology sourcing of foreign subsidiaries and domestic firms looking at domestic R&D outsourcing, international R&D outsourcing, domestic cooperation for innovation and international cooperation for innovation. We use data from the Spanish Technological Innovation Panel for the years 2005-2009 for 10,206 innovative firms operating in Spain. We apply a multivariate probit specification which allows for systematic correlations among the different choices. The results show that the different technology sourcing choices are interdependent and that foreign subsidiaries show a different pattern of external technology sourcing. Compared to affiliated domestic companies, foreign subsidiaries show a smaller propensity for external technology sourcing via R&D outsourcing from independent firms in the host country, for international R&D outsourcing and for international cooperation for innovation. In contrast, foreign subsidiaries show a greater propensity for domestic cooperation for innovation. However, foreign subsidiaries are not a homogenous group in this respect.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/184805
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13662716.2014.879254
Identifiersdoi: 10.1080/13662716.2014.879254
issn: 1469-8390
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