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Title

Quantifying aluminium phosphate–sulphate minerals as markers of acidic conditions during the Permian–Triassic transition in the Iberian Ranges, E Spain

AuthorsBorruel, Violeta CSIC ORCID CVN; Barrenechea, J. F. CSIC ORCID; Galán, A. B. CSIC ORCID; Alonso-Azcárate, J.; Horra, Raúl de la; Luque del Villar, F. J. CSIC; López-Gómez, José CSIC ORCID
KeywordsAluminium phosphate–sulphate minerals
Acidic conditions
Environmental changes
Permian–Triassic Boundary
Issue Date1-Jul-2016
PublisherElsevier
CitationChemical Geology 429: 10-20 (2016)
AbstractIn this paper, a method based on element mapping of randomly selected areas of thin sections on electron microprobe is proposed to quantify the relative contents of strontium-rich hydrated aluminium phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in siliciclastic continental sedimentary rocks. The main problems for these minerals to be quantified are related to their small size, low concentrations, and optical properties. By comparing the element maps obtained for the rocks in the study area of the Iberian Ranges (E Spain) with the results of whole rock analysis and with factors indicating the presence of life (bioturbation, palaeosols, and macro-plant remains), it has been possible to correlate relatively high levels of APS minerals in the first sedimentary record (Cañizar Formation) after the Permian–Triassic boundary, with the lack of living organisms. The APS are related to early diagenetic phases precipitated at low pH conditions and are therefore markers of formation in an acidic environment. Our findings suggest a long period of sustained acidic conditions followed by an environmental change linked with the recovery of life and with lower APS mineral contents. This change is detected at the top of the Cañizar Formation, at the end of the Spathian. The method proposed could be used as a tool to address the environmental changes that took place during the Permian–Triassic transition in continental environments.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.03.007
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/184306
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.03.007
ISSN0009-2541
Appears in Collections:(IGEO) Artículos
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