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Título

Amplified fragment length polymorphism as a tool for molecular characterization of almond germplasm: genetic diversity among cultivated genotypes and related wild species of almond, and its relationships with agronomic traits

AutorSorkheh, Karim; Shiran, Behrouz; Gradziel, Thomas M.; Epperson, B. K.; Martínez-Gómez, Pedro ; Asadi, E.
Palabras claveAFLP
Molecular characterization
Genetic diversity
Prunus dulcis
Fecha de publicaciónago-2007
EditorSpringer
CitaciónEuphytica 156(3): 327-344 (2007)
ResumenAmplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis is a rapid and efficient method for producing DNA fingerprints and molecular characterization. Our objectives were to: estimate genetic similarities (GS), marker indices, and polymorphic information contents (PICs) for AFLP markers in almond cultivars; assess the genetic diversity of almond cultivars and wild species, using GS estimated from AFLP fingerprints and molecular characterization; and facilitate the use of markers in inter-specific introgression and cultivar improvement. The genetic diversity of 45 almond cultivars from Iran, Europe, and America, were studied assaying 19 primer combinations. In addition, several agronomic traits were evaluated, including flowering and maturity times, self-incompatibility, and kernel and fruit properties. Out of the 813 polymerase chain reaction fragments that were scored, 781 (96.23%) were polymorphic. GS ranged from 0.5 to 0.96, marker indices ranged from 51.37 to 78.79, and PICs ranged from 0.56 to 0.86. Results allowed the unique molecular identification of all assayed genotypes. However, the correlation between genetic similarity clustering as based on AFLP and clustering for agronomic traits was low. Cluster analysis based on AFLP data clearly differentiated the genotypes and wild species according to their origin and pedigree, whereas, cluster analysis based on agronomic data differentiated according the pomological characterization. Our results showed the great genetic diversity of the almond cultivars and their interest for almond breeding.
Descripción18 pages, 6 figures, 5 tables.-- Published online: 10 March 2007
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-007-9382-x
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/18356
DOI10.1007/s10681-007-9382-x
ISSN0014-2336 (Print)
1573-5060 (Online)
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