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dc.contributor.authorŠurbanovski, Nada-
dc.contributor.authorTobutt, Kenneth R.-
dc.contributor.authorKonstantinović, Miroslav-
dc.contributor.authorMaksimović, Vesna-
dc.contributor.authorSargent, Daniel J.-
dc.contributor.authorStevanović, Vladimir-
dc.contributor.authorOrtega, Encarnación-
dc.contributor.authorBošković, Radovan I.-
dc.identifier.citationPlant Journal 50(4): 723-734 (2007)en_US
dc.description12 pages, 7 figures.-- Accession numbers: DQ983363; DQ983364; DQ983365; DQ983366; DQ983367; DQ983368; DQ983369; DQ983370; DQ983371; DQ983372; DQ983373; DQ983374; DQ983375; EF061758.en_US
dc.description.abstractMany species of Prunus display an S-RNase-based gametophytic self-incompatibility (SI), controlled by a single highly polymorphic multigene complex termed the S-locus. This comprises tightly linked stylar- and pollen-expressed genes that determine the specificity of the SI response. We investigated SI of Prunus tenella, a wild species found in small, isolated populations on the Balkan peninsula, initially by pollination experiments and identifying stylar-expressed RNase alleles. Nine P. tenella S-RNase alleles (S1–S9) were cloned; their sequence analysis showed a very high ratio of non-synonymous to synonymous nucleotide substitutions (Ka/Ks) and revealed that S-RNase alleles of P. tenella, unlike those of Prunus dulcis, show positive selection in all regions except the conserved regions and that between C2 and RHV. Remarkably, S8-RNase, was found to be identical to S1-RNase from Prunus avium, a species that does not interbreed with P. tenella and, except for just one amino acid, to S11 of P. dulcis. However, the corresponding introns and S-RNase–SFB intergenic regions showed considerable differences. Moreover, protein sequences of the pollen-expressed SFB alleles were not identical, harbouring 12 amino-acid replacements between those of P. tenella SFB8 and P. avium SFB1. Implications of this finding for hypotheses about the evolution of new S-specificities are discussed.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported in part by the Ministry of Science and Environment Protection of the Republic of Serbia, Grant 143017. Stone-fruit genetics at EMR is financed by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, UK. Nada Surbanovski thanks the British Council in Belgrade for a short-term travel grant, and Radovan Boskovic acknowledges a grant from the Mount Trust.en_US
dc.format.extent259768 bytes-
dc.titleSelf-incompatibility of Prunus tenella and evidence that reproductively isolated species of Prunus have different SFB alleles coupled with an identical S-RNase alleleen_US
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer revieweden_US
dc.contributor.funderMinistry of Education and Science (Serbia)-
dc.contributor.funderDepartment for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (UK)-
dc.contributor.funderBritish Council-
dc.contributor.funderMount Trust-
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