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Distribution of the entomopathogenic nematodes from La Rioja (Northern Spain)

AuthorsCampos-Herrera, R. ; Escuer, M. ; Labrador, S.; Robertson, Lee ; Barrios, Laura ; Gutiérrez, Carmen
KeywordsSteinernema carpocapsae
Steinernema feltiae
Steinernema kraussei
Entomopathogenic nematodes
Issue Date2007
CitationJournal of Invertebrate Pathology 95:125-139(2007)
AbstractEntomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) distribution in natural areas and crop field edges in La Rioja (Northern Spain) has been studied taking into account environmental and physical–chemical soil factors. Five hundred soil samples from 100 sites of the most representative habitats were assayed for the presence of EPNs. The occurrence of EPNs statistically fitted to a negative binomial distribution, which pointed out that the natural distribution of these nematodes in La Rioja was in aggregates. There were no statistical differences (p 6 0.05) in the abundance of EPNs to environmental and physical–chemical variables, although, there were statistical differences in the altitude, annual mean air temperature and rainfall, potential vegetation series and moisture percentage recovery frequency. Twenty-seven samples from 14 sites were positive for EPNs. From these samples, twenty isolates were identified to a species level and fifteen strains were selected: 11 Steinernema feltiae, two S. carpocapsae and two S. kraussei strains. S. kraussei was isolated from humid soils of cool and high altitude habitats and S. carpocapsae was found to occur in heavy soils of dry and temperate habitats. S. feltiae was the most common species with a wide range of altitude, temperature, rainfall, pH and soil moisture, although this species preferred sandy soils. The virulence of nematode strains were assessed using G. mellonella as insect host, recording the larval mortality percentage and the time to insect die, as well as the number of infective juveniles produced to evaluate the reproductive potential and the time tooks to leave the insect cadaver to determinate the infection cycle length. The ecological trends and biological results are discussed in relationship with their future use as biological control.
Description15 pages, and figures, and tables statistics.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.02.003
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