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dc.contributor.authorZechmeister, M.-
dc.contributor.authorReiners, A.-
dc.contributor.authorAmado, Pedro J.-
dc.contributor.authorAzzaro, Marco-
dc.contributor.authorBauer, F.F.-
dc.contributor.authorBéjar, V.J.S.-
dc.contributor.authorCaballero, J.A.-
dc.contributor.authorGuenther, E.W.-
dc.contributor.authorHagen, H.J.-
dc.contributor.authorJeffers, S.V.-
dc.contributor.authorKaminski, A.-
dc.contributor.authorKürster, M.-
dc.contributor.authorLaunhardt, R.-
dc.contributor.authorMontes, D.-
dc.contributor.authorMorales, J.C.-
dc.contributor.authorQuirrenbach, A.-
dc.contributor.authorReffert, S.-
dc.contributor.authorRibas, Ignasi-
dc.contributor.authorSeifert, W.-
dc.contributor.authorTal-Or, L.-
dc.contributor.authorWolthoff, V.-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731483-
dc.identifierissn: 1432-0746-
dc.identifier.citationAstronomy and Astrophysics 609: A12 (2018)-
dc.description.abstractContext. The CARMENES survey is a high-precision radial velocity (RV) programme that aims to detect Earth-like planets orbiting low-mass stars. Aims. We develop least-squares fitting algorithms to derive the RVs and additional spectral diagnostics implemented in the SpEctrum Radial Velocity AnaLyser (SERVAL), a publicly available python code. Methods. We measured the RVs using high signal-to-noise templates created by coadding all available spectra of each star. We define the chromatic index as the RV gradient as a function of wavelength with the RVs measured in the echelle orders. Additionally, we computed the differential line width by correlating the fit residuals with the second derivative of the template to track variations in the stellar line width. Results. Using HARPS data, our SERVAL code achieves a RV precision at the level of 1 m/s. Applying the chromatic index to CARMENES data of the active star YZ CMi, we identify apparent RV variations induced by stellar activity. The differential line width is found to be an alternative indicator to the commonly used full width half maximum. Conclusions. We find that at the red optical wavelengths (700-900 nm) obtained by the visual channel of CARMENES, the chromatic index is an excellent tool to investigate stellar active regions and to identify and perhaps even correct for activity-induced RV variations.© ESO, 2018-
dc.description.sponsorshipM.Z. acknowledges support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft under DFG RE 1664/12-1 and Research Unit FOR2544, project No. RE 1664/14-1. I.R. acknowledges support by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) and the Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) through grant ESP2016-80435-C2-1-R, as well as the support of the Generalitat de Catalunya/CERCA programme. V. Wolthoff acknowledges funding from the DFG Research Unit FOR2544, project No. RE 2694/4-1. V.J.S.B. are supported by grant AYA2015-69350-C3-2-P from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competiveness (MINECO). The UCM, CAB, and IAA team members acknowledges support by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) from projects AYA2016-79425-C3-1,2,3-P.-
dc.publisherEDP Sciences-
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's version-
dc.subjectTechniques: spectroscopic-
dc.subjectTechniques: radial velocities-
dc.subjectPlanets and satellites: detection-
dc.subjectMethods: data analysis-
dc.titleSpectrum radial velocity analyser (SERVAL): High-precision radial velocities and two alternative spectral indicators-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission-
dc.contributor.funderGeneralitat de Catalunya-
dc.contributor.funderGerman Research Foundation-
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Economía y Competitividad (España)-
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