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DFT Research on the Dehydroxylation Reaction of Pyrophyllite 1. First-Principle Molecular Dynamics Simulations.

AutorMolina-Montes, Esther; Donadio, Davide; Hernández-Laguna, Alfonso; Sainz-Díaz, C. Ignacio; Parrinello, Michele
Fecha de publicación20-may-2008
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónJournal of Physical Chemistry B 112(23): 7051-7060 (2008)
ResumenThe dehydroxylation of pyrophyllite involves the reaction of OH groups and elimination of water molecules through two possible mechanisms, one involving the bridging hydroxyl groups of an octahedral Al3+ pair and the other two hydroxyl groups reacting across the dioctahedral vacancy. First-principles molecular dynamics simulations at the density functional theory level are used together with the metadynamics algorithm to explore the free-energy surface (FES) of the initial step of the dehydroxylation. We observe that the two possible dehydroxylation mechanisms yield similar activation energies at 0 K, but at high temperatures, the cross mechanism has lower free energy than that of the on-site one. The dehydroxylation process produces different semidehydroxylated intermediates that should be taken into account. The role of the temperature in favoring a dehydroxylation nonconcerted chain mechanism over another is here elucidated, and a novel competitive mechanism, which is assisted by the structural apical oxygens in the high-temperature regime, is proposed.
Descripción10 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp711278s
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