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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar a este item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/18224

Grafting raises the salt tolerance of tomato through limiting the transport of sodium and chloride to the shoot

AutorEstañ, María T. ; Martínez-Rodríguez, María M.; Pérez-Alfocea, Francisco ; Flowers, Timothy J.; Bolarín, María C.
Palabras claveFruit yield
Leaf ion contents
Lycopersicon esculentum
Salt tolerance
Sodium chloride
Fecha de publicación22-nov-2004
EditorOxford University Press
CitaciónJournal of Experimental Botany 56(412):703-712 (2005)
ResumenWith the aim of determining whether grafting could improve salinity tolerance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), and what characteristics of the rootstock were required to increase the salt tolerance of the shoot, a commercial tomato hybrid (cv. Jaguar) was grafted onto the roots of several tomato genotypes with different potentials to exclude saline ions. The rootstock effect was assessed by growing plants at different NaCl concentrations (0, 25, 50, and 75 mM NaCl) under greenhouse conditions, and by determining the fruit yield and the leaf physiological changes induced by the rootstock after 60 d and 90 d of salt treatment. The grafting process itself did not affect the fruit yield, as non-grafted plants of cv. Jaguar and those grafted onto their own root showed the same yield over time under non-saline conditions. However, grafting raised fruit yield in Jaguar on most rootstocks, although the positive effect induced by the rootstock was lower at 25 mM NaCl than at 50 and 75 mM NaCl. At these higher levels, the plants grafted onto Radja, Pera and the hybrid VolgogradskijxPera increased their yields by 80%, with respect to the Jaguar plants. The tolerance induced by the rootstock in the shoot was related to ionic rather than osmotic stress caused by salinity, as the differential fruit yield responses among graft combinations were mainly related to the different abilities of rootstocks to regulate the transport of saline ions. This was corroborated by the high negative correlation found between fruit yield and the leaf Na+ or Cl- concentrations in salt-treated plants after 90 d of salt treatment. In conclusion, grafting provides an alternative way to enhance salt tolerance, determined as fruit yield, in the tomato, and evidence is reported that the rootstock is able to reduce ionic stress.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eri027
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