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Microstructure, texture, and crystallography in Ni–GDC and Co–GDC porous cermets obtained from directionally solidified eutectic ceramics

AuthorsSerrano-Zabaleta, S.; Larrea, A. ; Larrañaga, Aitor; Dickey, Elizabeth C.
Issue Date2017
CitationJournal of Materials Science 52(10): 5477-5488 (2017)
AbstractLamellar NiO–GDC (Gadolinium-doped Ceria) and CoO–GDC directionally solidified eutectic ceramics (DSECs) were produced by the laser floating-zone technique and subjected to reduction in order to obtain porous cermets of Ni–GDC and Co–GDC, which have potential applications as anodes in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). The reduction of these DSECs into porous cermets was studied at 650 °C in NiO–GDC and at 500 and 700 °C in CoO–GDC, all of them processed with similar reduction kinetics. In comparison to similar Ni–YSZ and Co–YSZ lamellar cermets previously studied, no sharp reduction front was observed. The interface between the reduced and nonreduced zones is broader, with pores homogenously distributed in wide areas. Afterwards, the microstructure, texture, and crystallography of the samples were studied by electron microscopy as well as by electron and X-ray diffraction when completely reduced. The single crystal NiO and CoO lamellae transformed into porous polycrystalline metallic lamellae. Moreover, microscopy observations revealed a porous nanostructure of Co particles obtained by reduction at low temperatures (500 °C). Many of the Co and Ni particles seemed to have roughly maintained the previous crystallographic orientation with respect to the GDC phase, although the disorder of the crystallographic orientation increased significantly. In addition, a significant amount of the Ni particles reoriented to form an epitaxial interface with the (100)–GDC surface.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0225-9
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