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Immobilization of the heavy metals Cd, Cu and Pb in an acid soil amended with gypsum-and lime-rich industrial by-products

AutorIllera Muñoz, Virginia; Garrido, Fernando ; Serrano, Susana; García-González, M.T.
Palabras claveCd
Fecha de publicación2004
EditorBlackwell Publishing
CitaciónEuropean Journal of Soil Science 55: 135-145 (2004)
ResumenIn situ stabilization of heavy metals in contaminated soils by the addition of various types of soil amendment is an attractive technique for remediation. We investigated the potential of three industrial by-products (phosphogypsum, red gypsum and dolomitic residue) for boosting the heavy metal sorption capacity of an acid soil (patents pending, Spanish applications no 200201704 and 200201375) by using sorption isotherm experiments. The three by-products were found substantially to increase the retention of lead, cadmium and copper on the solid components of the soil. The increase in lead retention of the soil horizons upon the addition of both phosphogypsum and red gypsum was dominated by the formation of anglesite minerals. The dolomitic residue increased the metal retention capacity of the soil horizons through the precipitation of laurionite-type minerals as well as cadmium and copper hydroxy-chlorides. In addition to the batch sorption study, we used scanning electron microscopy to investigate the metal sorption processes in the soil by the effect of the treatments. Lead was frequently found to be linked to the edge charges of kaolinite minerals. The three metals were found to be associated with organic matter in the Ap horizon treated with the three by-products. Finally, the three metals were found to be associated with undissolved dolomitic residue particles.
Descripción11 pages, and figures, and tables statistics.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.2003.00583.x
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