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The hot core towards the intermediate-mass protostar NGC 7129 FIRS 2: Chemical similarities with Orion KL

AuthorsFuente, A.; Cernicharo, José ; Caselli, P.; McCoey, C.; Johnstone, D.; Fich, M.; Van Kempen, T.; Palau, A.; Yildiz, U.A.; Tercero, Belén ; López, A.
Stars: formation
ISM: individual objects: NGC 7129 FIRS 2
Issue Date15-Aug-2014
PublisherEDP Sciences
CitationAstronomy and Astrophysics 568(A&A): A65 (2014)
Abstract[Context] This paper is dedicated to the study of the chemistry of the intermediate-mass (IM) hot core NGC 7129 FIRS 2, probably the most compact warm core found in the 2-8 M⊙ stellar mass range.
[Aims] Our aim is to determine the chemical composition of the IM hot core NGC 7129 FIRS 2, and to provide new insights on the chemistry of hot cores in a more general context.
[Methods] NGC 7129 FIRS 2 (hereafter, FIRS 2) is located at a distance of 1250 pc and high spatial resolution observations are required to resolve the hot core at its center. We present a molecular survey from 218 200 MHz to 221 800 MHz carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer (PdBI). These observations were complemented with a long integration single-dish spectrum taken with the IRAM 30 m telescope in Pico de Veleta (Spain). We used a local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) single temperature code to model the whole dataset.
[Results] The interferometric spectrum is crowded with a total of 300 lines from which a few dozen remain unidentified. The spectrum has been modeled with a total of 20 species and their isomers, isotopologues, and deuterated compounds. Complex molecules like methyl formate (CH3OCHO), ethanol (CH3CH2OH), glycolaldehyde (CH2OHCHO), acetone (CH3COCH3), dimethyl ether (CH3OCH 3), ethyl cyanide (CH3CH2CN), and the aGg' conformer of ethylene glycol (aGg'-(CH2OH)2) are among the detected species. The detection of vibrationally excited lines of CH 3CN, CH3OCHO, CH3OH, OCS, HC3N, and CH3CHO proves the existence of gas and dust at high temperatures. The gas kinetic temperature estimated from the vibrational lines of CH 3CN, ∼405-67 +100 K, is similar to that measured in massive hot cores. Our data allow an extensive comparison of the chemistry in FIRS 2 and the Orion hot core.
[Conclusions] We find a quite similar chemistry in FIRS 2 and Orion. Most of the studied fractional molecular abundances agree within a factor of 5. Larger differences are only found for the deuterated compounds D2CO and CH2DOH and a few molecules (CH3CH2CN, SO2, HNCO and CH3CHO). Since the physical conditions are similar in both hot cores, only different initial conditions (warmer pre-collapse and collapse phase in the case of Orion) and/or different crossing times of the gas in the hot core can explain this behavior. We discuss these two scenarios.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201323074
Identifiersdoi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201323074
e-issn: 1432-0746
issn: 0004-6361
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