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Title

How two-dimensional bending can extraordinarily stiffen thin sheets

AuthorsPini, Valerio ; Ruz Martínez, José Jaime ; Kosaka, Priscila M. ; Malvar, Óscar ; Calleja, Montserrat ; Tamayo de Miguel, Francisco Javier
Issue Date11-Jul-2016
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationScientific Reports 6: 29627 (2016)
AbstractCurved thin sheets are ubiquitously found in nature and manmade structures from macro- to nanoscale. Within the framework of classical thin plate theory, the stiffness of thin sheets is independent of its bending state for small deflections. This assumption, however, goes against intuition. Simple experiments with a cantilever sheet made of paper show that the cantilever stiffness largely increases with small amounts of transversal curvature. We here demonstrate by using simple geometric arguments that thin sheets subject to two-dimensional bending necessarily develop internal stresses. The coupling between the internal stresses and the bending moments can increase the stiffness of the plate by several times. We develop a theory that describes the stiffness of curved thin sheets with simple equations in terms of the longitudinal and transversal curvatures. The theory predicts experimental results with a macroscopic cantilever sheet as well as numerical simulations by the finite element method. The results shed new light on plant and insect wing biomechanics and provide an easy route to engineer micro- and nanomechanical structures based on thin materials with extraordinary stiffness tunability.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1038/srep29627
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/181530
DOI10.1038/srep29627
E-ISSN2045-2322
Appears in Collections:(IMN-CNM) Artículos
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