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Nonequilibrium Processes in Supersonic Jets of N2, H2, and N2 + H2 Mixtures: (I) Zone of Silence

AutorRamos, Ángel ; Tejeda, Guzmán ; Fernández Sánchez, José María ; Montero, Salvador
Fecha de publicación6-jul-2009
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónJournal of Physical Chemistry A 113(30): 8506-8512 (2009)
ResumenNumber density and rotational temperature in the zone of silence of supersonic jets of N2, H2, and their mixtures N2 + 2H2 and 2N2 + H2, at p0 = 1 bar and T0 = 295 K, have been measured by Raman spectroscopy. Translational temperature in the jets has been derived from the experimental data assuming isentropic flow. The density along the jet axis decays at a rate depending on the composition of the expanded gas, which can be explained by the variation of its effective heat capacity ratio. Measurements across the jet axis do not support numerical off-axis density modeling from the literature. A strong nonequilibrium between the rotational degrees of freedom of both species is observed, even between the two spin species ortho-H2 and para-H2. From the corresponding rotational temperature data, a relationship between rotational cross sections for the inelastic collisions of the different species is established. In the expansions of the mixtures, an enrichment of N2 is measured on the axis, which is compared with the predictions from the theory of diffusive separation in jets.
Descripción7 pages, 5 figures, 1 table.-- Printed version published Jul 30, 2009.
Supporting information available at: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jp901700c
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp901700c
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