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PEDF peptides promote photoreceptor survival in rd10 retina models

AuthorsHernández-Pinto, Alberto M. ; Polato, Federica; Subramanian, Preeti; Rocha-Muñoz, Andrés de la; Vitale, Susan; De la Rosa, Enrique J. ; Becerra, S. Patricia
Issue Date10-Apr-2019
CitationExperimental Eye 184:24-29 (2019)
AbstractThe purpose of the study is to evaluate the protective properties of PEDF peptide fragments on rd10 mouse models of retinal degeneration ex vivo. Human recombinant PEDF and synthetic peptides were used. Rd10 retinal explants as well as wild-type retinal explants treated with zaprinast to mimic the rd10 photoreceptor cell death were employed. PEDF protein was intravitreally administered into rd10 mice. Outer nuclear layer thickness measurements in retinal sections, TUNEL labeling in retinal explants, western blots and immunofluorescence with retinal samples were performed. PEDF protein levels in the RPE of rd10 mice decreased with age (P15 - P25). Levels of PEDF receptor PEDF-R declined in the photoreceptor inner segments from rd10 relative to wild-type mice at P25. PEDF administration increased the outer nuclear layer thickness of rd10 retinas in vivo and decreased the number of TUNEL+ nuclei of photoreceptors in rd10 retinal explant cultures, both relative to untreated controls. Peptides containing the PEDF neurotrophic region decreased the number of TUNEL+ photoreceptors in both rd10 and zaprinast-induced cell death ex vivo models, while peptides without the neurotrophic region and/or lacking affinity for PEDF-R were ineffective in protecting photoreceptors. Thus, retinal explants are a valuable system to evaluate PEDF activity. Short peptides with the photoreceptor-protective property of PEDF may prove useful for the development of therapeutic agents for photoreceptor protection in retinal degenerations.
Description24 p. 2 fig.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2019.04.008
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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