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Título

Changes in Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. Var. italica) Health-Promoting Compounds with Inflorescence Development

AutorVallejo, Fernando ; García-Viguera, Cristina ; Tomás Barberán, Francisco
Palabras claveBroccoli
Development inflorescences stages
Glucosinolates
Flavonoids
Hydroxycinnamoyl derivatives
Vitamin C
Sulfur fertilization
Health-promoting
HPLC-MS
Fecha de publicación14-may-2003
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51(13): 3776-3782 (2003)
ResumenChanges in phenolic compounds, total glucosinolates, and vitamin C were monitored during the productive period along five inflorescence development stages of three broccoli commercial cultivars (Marathon, Monterrey, and Vencedor). In an attempt to identify differences due to agronomic factors, broccoli cultivars were grown under different sulfur fertilization with poor (15 kg/ha) and rich (150 kg/ha) rates. Phenolic compounds and vitamin C concentrations showed, in all broccoli cultivars, a rising trend from the first stage until the over-maturity stage, both for rich and poor sulfur fertilization. Significant differences were detected in the first two stages between rich and poor sulfur fertilization in total glucosinolates for all broccoli cultivars, where the highest concentration was always observed in the second development stage (used as minimally processed product) during poor fertilization. With regard to the last three stages, the glucosinolate concentration in the poor sulfur fertilization started to slope down until the over-maturity stage. Where rich sulfur fertilization is concerned , the highest level was reached during the third stage (used as minimally processed product also), and after that, glucosinolate concentration decreased until the fifth stage.
Descripción7 pages, 1 figure, 11 tables.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf0212338
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/17962
DOI10.1021/jf0212338
ISSN1520-5118 (Online)
0021-8561 (Print)
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