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Ask yeast how to burn your fats: lessons learned from the metabolic adaptation to salt stress

AuthorsPascual-Ahuir, Amparo ; Manzanares-Estreder, Sara ; Timón-Gómez, Alba; Proft, Markus
KeywordsHigh osmolarity glycerol pathway
Integrated stress adaptation
Metabolic switch
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Salt stress
Issue DateFeb-2018
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationCurrent Genetics 64(1):63-69 (2018)
AbstractHere, we review and update the recent advances in the metabolic control during the adaptive response of budding yeast to hyperosmotic and salt stress, which is one of the best understood signaling events at the molecular level. This environmental stress can be easily applied and hence has been exploited in the past to generate an impressively detailed and comprehensive model of cellular adaptation. It is clear now that this stress modulates a great number of different physiological functions of the cell, which altogether contribute to cellular survival and adaptation. Primary defense mechanisms are the massive induction of stress tolerance genes in the nucleus, the activation of cation transport at the plasma membrane, or the production and intracellular accumulation of osmolytes. At the same time and in a coordinated manner, the cell shuts down the expression of housekeeping genes, delays the progression of the cell cycle, inhibits genomic replication, and modulates translation efficiency to optimize the response and to avoid cellular damage. To this fascinating interplay of cellular functions directly regulated by the stress, we have to add yet another layer of control, which is physiologically relevant for stress tolerance. Salt stress induces an immediate metabolic readjustment, which includes the up-regulation of peroxisomal biomass and activity in a coordinated manner with the reinforcement of mitochondrial respiratory metabolism. Our recent findings are consistent with a model, where salt stress triggers a metabolic shift from fermentation to respiration fueled by the enhanced peroxisomal oxidation of fatty acids. We discuss here the regulatory details of this stress-induced metabolic shift and its possible roles in the context of the previously known adaptive functions.
Description7 páginas, 3 figuras
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00294-017-0724-5
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