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Early cysteine-dependent inactivation of 26S proteasomes does not involve particle disassembly

AuthorsHugo, Martín; Korovila, Ioanna; Köhler, Markus; García-García, Carlos ; Cabrera-García, J. Daniel; Marina, Anabel ; Martínez-Ruiz, Antonio ; Grune, Tilman
Issue Date22-Feb-2018
CitationRedox Biology 16: 123- 128 (2018)
AbstractUnder oxidative stress 26S proteasomes suffer reversible disassembly into its 20S and 19S subunits, a process mediated by HSP70. This inhibits the degradation of polyubiquitinated proteins by the 26S proteasome and allows the degradation of oxidized proteins by a free 20S proteasome. Low fluxes of antimycin A-stimulated ROS production caused dimerization of mitochondrial peroxiredoxin 3 and cytosolic peroxiredoxin 2, but not peroxiredoxin overoxidation and overall oxidation of cellular protein thiols. This moderate redox imbalance was sufficient to inhibit the ATP stimulation of 26S proteasome activity. This process was dependent on reversible cysteine oxidation. Moreover, our results show that this early inhibition of ATP stimulation occurs previous to particle disassembly, indicating an intermediate step during the redox regulation of the 26S proteasome with special relevance under redox signaling rather than oxidative stress conditions.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.redox.2018.02.016
issn: 2213-2317
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