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Title

Transparent and Robust All-Cellulose Nanocomposite Packaging Materials Prepared in a Mixture of Trifluoroacetic Acid and Trifluoroacetic Anhydride

AuthorsGuzmán-Puyol, Susana; Ceseracciu, Luca; Tedeschi, Giacomo; Marras, Sergio; Scarpellini, Alice; Benítez, José J. ; Athanassiou, Athanassia; Heredia-Guerrero, José A.
KeywordsAll-cellulose nanocomposites
Trifluoroacetic acid
Trifluoroacetic anhydride
Transparency
Robustness
Packaging material
Issue Date5-Mar-2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationNanomaterials 9(3): 368 (2019)
AbstractAll-cellulose composites with a potential application as food packaging films were prepared by dissolving microcrystalline cellulose in a mixture of trifluoroacetic acid and trifluoroacetic anhydride, adding cellulose nanofibers, and evaporating the solvents. First, the effect of the solvents on the morphology, structure, and thermal properties of the nanofibers was evaluated by atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. An important reduction in the crystallinity was observed. Then, the optical, morphological, mechanical, and water barrier properties of the nanocomposites were determined. In general, the final properties of the composites depended on the nanocellulose content. Thus, although the transparency decreased with the amount of cellulose nanofibers due to increased light scattering, normalized transmittance values were higher than 80% in all the cases. On the other hand, the best mechanical properties were achieved for concentrations of nanofibers between 5 and 9 wt.%. At higher concentrations, the cellulose nanofibers aggregated and/or folded, decreasing the mechanical parameters as confirmed analytically by modeling of the composite Young’s modulus. Finally, regarding the water barrier properties, water uptake was not affected by the presence of cellulose nanofibers while water permeability was reduced because of the higher tortuosity induced by the nanocelluloses. In view of such properties, these materials are suggested as food packaging films
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano9030368
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/178941
DOI10.3390/nano9030368
ISSN2079-4991
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
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