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Protein flexibility and metal coordination changes in DHAP-dependent aldolases

AuthorsJiménez, Aurora; Clapés Saborit, Pere ; Crehuet, Ramón
KeywordsDensity functional calculations
Enzyme catalysis
Protein flexibility
Reaction mechanisms
Issue Date26-Jan-2009
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationChemistry - A European Journal 15(6): 1422-1428 (2009)
AbstractThe mobility of rhamnulose-1-phosphate aldolase (RhuA) was analysed with a normal mode description and high level calculations on models of the active site. We report the connection between the mobility and the chemical properties of the active site, and compare them to a closely related enzyme, fuculose-1-phosphate aldolase (FucA). Calculations show that the different coordination number for the zinc ion, reported in the crystal structures of RhuA and FucA, was due to a different spatial arrangement of the residues, not to their different chemical nature. Moreover, the metal coordination change is correlated with activity. The domain mobility of the enzyme can reshape the active site of RhuA into the arrangement found in the FucA structure, and vice-versa. This has a direct influence on the energy barrier for the aldol reaction catalyzed by these enzymes, thus showing a coupling of the domain movements and the catalytic effects. Hence domain movements and the coordination chemistry of the active site metal suggest an explanation of why these enzymes have similar experimental turnover rates.
Description7 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 19115296 [PubMed].-- Available online Dec 29, 2008.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.200801223
Appears in Collections:(IQAC) Artículos
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