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Title

Data from a genetic evaluation of the Iberian lynx ex situ conservation programme

AuthorsKleinman-Ruiz, Daniel; Soriano, Laura ; Casas-Marcé, Mireia ; Szychta, Charles; Sánchez, Íñigo; Fernández, Jesús; Godoy, José A.
KeywordsConservation
Iberian lynx
Ex situ programme
Captive population
Molecular kinship
Issue Date2019
CitationKleinman-Ruiz, Daniel; Soriano, Laura ; Casas-Marcé, Mireia ; Szychta, Charles; Sánchez, Íñigo; Fernández, Jesús; Godoy, José A.; 2019; "Data from a genetic evaluation of the Iberian lynx ex situ conservation programme [Dataset]"; DIGITAL.CSIC; http://dx.doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/8624
AbstractEx situ programmes have become critical for improving the conservation of many threatened species, as they establish backup populations and provide individuals for reintroduction and reinforcement of wild populations. The Iberian lynx was considered the most threatened felid species in the world in the wake of a dramatic decline during the second half of the 20th century that reduced its numbers to around only 100 individuals. An ex situ conservation programme was established in 2003 with individuals from the two well-differentiated, remnant populations, with great success from a demographic point of view. Here we evaluate the genetic status of the Iberian lynx captive population based on molecular data from 36 microsatellites, including patterns of relatedness and representativeness of the two remnant genetic backgrounds among founders, the evolution of diversity and inbreeding over the years, and genetic differentiation among breeding facilities. In general terms, the ex situ population harbours most of the genetic variability found in the two wild populations and has been able to maintain reasonably low levels of inbreeding and high diversity, thus validating the applied management measures, and potentially representing a model for other species in need of conservation
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/178125
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/8624
ReferencesKleinman-Ruiz, Daniel; Soriano, Laura ; Casas-Marcé, Mireia ; Szychta, Charles; Sánchez, Íñigo; Fernández, Jesús; Godoy, José A. Genetic evaluation of the Iberian lynx ex situ conservation programme. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41437-019-0217-z
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