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Effect of different levels of CO2 on the antioxidant content and the polyphenol oxidase activity of Rocha pears during cold storage

AutorGil-Izquierdo, Ángel ; Galvis-Sánchez, Andrea C.; Fonseca, Susana C.; Gil Muñoz, M.ª Isabel; Malcata, F. Xavier
Palabras claveControlled atmosphere
Vitamin C
Fecha de publicación28-nov-2005
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 86(4): 509-517 (2006)
ResumenPears (Pyrus communis L. cv. Rocha) were exposed to air or controlled atmosphere (CA) containing various concentrations of CO2: 0, 0.5 and 5 kPa, all with 2 kPa O2. After 4 months of storage at 2 °C, the fruits were transferred to air at room temperature, and assessed in terms of soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH, incidence of brown heart and flesh browning, phenolic content, vitamin C content and polyphenol oxidase activity. By 4 months of storage, soluble solids and pH increased, and acidity decreased relative to harvest, but no differences were detected between pears stored under air or any of the CA tested. Higher contents of hydroxycinnamic derivatives and flavan-3-ols in the peel than in the flesh were recorded. However, the content of arbutin was higher in the flesh than in the peel, whereas flavonols were only detected in the peel. In general, hydroxycinnamic derivatives and flavonols were stable throughout storage, but flavan-3-ols decreased in concentration under air or CA. Arbutin was the only phenolic compound that increased in concentration as time elapsed. No clear relation was found between the storage conditions tested and the phenolic concentration in pears. Regarding ascorbic acid (AA) and dehydroascorbic acid (DHA), their concentrations were higher in the peel than in the flesh. Furthermore, AA and DHA were strongly affected by storage: the former decreased, whereas the latter increased in content. A decrease in PPO activity was apparent after harvest and during storage, particularly under higher levels of CO2. The combination 2 kPa O2 + 5 kPa CO2 increased the incidence of internal disorders (viz. brown heart and flesh browning) after storage.
Descripción9 pages, 2 figures, 7 tables.-- Printed version published March 2006.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2359
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