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dc.contributor.authorWu, Di M.-
dc.contributor.authorSolomon, Michelle L.-
dc.contributor.authorNaik, Gururaj V.-
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Etxarri, Aitzol-
dc.contributor.authorLawrence, Mark-
dc.contributor.authorSalleo, Alberto-
dc.contributor.authorDionne, Jennifer-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1002/adma.201703912-
dc.identifiere-issn: 1521-4095-
dc.identifierissn: 0935-9648-
dc.identifier.citationAdvanced Materials 30(7): 1703912 (2018)-
dc.description.abstractChameleons are masters of light, expertly changing their color, pattern, and reflectivity in response to their environment. Engineered materials that share this tunability can be transformative, enabling active camouflage, tunable holograms, and novel colorimetric medical sensors. While progress has been made in creating artificial chameleon skin, existing schemes often require external power, are not continuously tunable, and may prove too stiff or bulky for applications. Here, a chemically tunable, large-area metamaterial is demonstrated that accesses a wide range of colors and refractive indices. An ordered monolayer of nanoresonators is fabricated, then its optical response is dynamically tuned by infiltrating its polymer substrate with solvents. The material shows a strong magnetic response with a dependence on resonator spacing that leads to a highly tunable effective permittivity, permeability, and refractive index spanning negative and positive values. The unity-order index tuning exceeds that of traditional electro-optic and photochromic materials and is robust to cycling, providing a path toward programmable optical elements and responsive light routing.-
dc.description.sponsorshipPart of this work was performed at the Stanford Nano Shared Facilities and the Stanford Nanofabrication Facility. D.M.W. acknowledges support from a Gabilan Stanford Graduate Fellowship and a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship. M.L.S. acknowledges support from by the Department of Defense through the National Defense Science & Engineering Graduate Fellowship Program. J.A.D. acknowledges a National Science Foundation CAREER Award (DMR-1151231). D.M.W., M.L.S., and G.V.N. were supported as part of the DOE “Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion” Energy Frontier Research Center under grant DE-SC0001293, which also funded materials, fabrication, and measurements.-
dc.titleChemically responsive elastomers exhibiting unity-order refractive index modulation-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
dc.contributor.funderDepartment of Energy (US)-
dc.contributor.funderStanford University-
dc.contributor.funderDepartment of Defense (US)-
dc.contributor.funderNational Science Foundation (US)-
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