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Title

Dating the Anthropocene in deep-sea sediments: how much carbon is buried in the Irminger Basin?

AuthorsFontela, Marcos; Francés, G. ; Quintana, B. ; Álvarez Fernández, María Jesús; Nombela, Miguel Ángel; Alejo, I.; Pedrosa, M. C.; Pérez, Fiz F.
KeywordsDeep-sea sedimentation rate
Subpolar North Atlantic
Irminger Basin
Carbon sink
Geochronology
Anthropocene
Issue DateApr-2019
PublisherElsevier
CitationGlobal and Planetary Change 175: 92-102 (2019)
AbstractEvaluation of biogeochemical processes in Anthropocene deep-sea sediments require accurate dating techniques. Here we show the results of an approach using high resolution low level background gamma spectrometry with two simultaneous hyper-pure germanium (HPGe) detectors. The quantitative role of the deepest zones (>3000 m depth) of the Irminger Basin (Subpolar North Atlantic Ocean) as a carbon sink during the Anthropocene is evaluated combining a chronology based in the natural radionuclide 210Pb with sedimentological analysis and elemental composition. The average sedimentation rate of the central Irminger is 1.28 ± 0.18 mm·yr−1, with a mean weighted flux to the sediment for inorganic and organic carbon of 46 ± 15 g·Cinorg·m−2·yr−1 and 8 ± 1 g·Corg·m−2·yr−1. The biogenic fraction of the mass flux is increased since the XXth century. The contribution of the deepest zones of the Irminger Basin to the Anthropocene carbon sequestration in the North Atlantic Ocean is considerable at basin-scale.
Description31 pages, 5 figures.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2019.02.008
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/177615
DOI10.1016/j.gloplacha.2019.02.008
ISSN0921-8181
E-ISSN1872-6364
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