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Relevance of proteolysis and proteasome activation in fatty liver graft preservation: An Institut Georges Lopez-1 vs University of Wisconsin appraisal

AuthorsZaouali, Mohamed A. CSIC; Panisello-Roselló, Arnau; López, Alexandre; Castro-Benítez, Carlos; Folch-Puy, Emma CSIC ORCID ; García-Gil, Agustín; Carbonell, Teresa; Adam, René; Roselló-Catafau, Joan CSIC ORCID
KeywordsLiver proteolysis
Proteasome activation
Fatty liver preservation
Institut Georges Lopez-1
University of Wisconsin
High mobility group box 1
Cold ischemia reperfusion injury
Issue Date21-Jun-2017
PublisherBaishideng Publishing Group
CitationWorld Journal of Gastroenterology 23(23): 4211-4221 (2017)
Abstract[AIM] To compare liver proteolysis and proteasome activation in steatotic liver grafts conserved in University of Wisconsin (UW) and Institut Georges Lopez-1 (IGL-1) solutions
[METHODS] Fatty liver grafts from male obese Zücker rats were conserved in UW and IGL-1 solutions for 24 h at 4 ℃ and subjected to “ex vivo ” normo-thermic perfusion (2 h; 37 ℃). Liver proteolysis in tissue specimens and perfusate was measured by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Total free amino acid release was correlated with the activation of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS: measured as chymotryptic-like activity and 20S and 19S proteasome), the prevention of liver injury (transaminases), mitochondrial injury (confocal microscopy) and inflammation markers (TNF 1 alpha, high mobility group box-1 (HGMB-1) and PPAR gamma), and liver apoptosis (TUNEL assay, cytochrome c and caspase 3).
[RESULTS] Profiles of free AA (alanine, proline, leucine, isoleucine, methionine, lysine, ornithine, and threonine, among others) were similar for tissue and reperfusion effluent. In all cases, the IGL-1 solution showed a significantly higher prevention of proteolysis than UW (p < 0.05) after cold ischemia reperfusion. Livers conserved in IGL-1 presented more effective prevention of ATP-breakdown and more inhibition of UPS activity (measured as chymotryptic-like activity). In addition, the prevention of liver proteolysis and UPS activation correlated with the prevention of liver injury (AST/ ALT) and mitochondrial damage (revealed by confocal microscopy findings) as well as with the prevention of inflammatory markers (TNF1alpha and HMGB) after reperfusion. In addition, the liver grafts preserved in IGL-1 showed a significant decrease in liver apoptosis, as shown by TUNEL assay and the reduction of cytochrome c, caspase 3 and P62 levels.
[CONCLUSION] Our comparison of these two preservation solutions suggests that IGL-1 helps to prevent ATP breakdown more effectively than UW and subsequently achieves a higher UPS inhibition and reduced liver proteolysis.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v23.i23.4211
Appears in Collections:(IIBB) Artículos
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