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Functional evidence for three distinct and independently inhibitable adhesion activities mediated by the human integrin VLA-4. Correlation with distinct alpha 4 epitopes

AuthorsPulido, Rafael; Elices, Mariano J.; Campanero, Miguel R. ; Osborn, Laurelee; Schiffer, Susan; García-Pardo, Angeles ; Lobb, Roy; Hemler, Martin E.; Sánchez-Madrid, Francisco
Issue Date5-Jun-1991
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitationJournal of Biological Chemistry 266:10241 (1991)
AbstractThe human integrin VLA (very late activation antigens)-4 (CD49d/CD29), the leukocyte receptor for both the CS-1 region of plasma fibronectin (Fn) and the vascular cell surface adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), also mediates homotypic aggregation upon triggering with specific anti-VLA-4 monoclonal antibody (mAb). Epitope mapping of this integrin on the human B-cell line Ramos, performed with a wide panel of anti-VLA-4 mAb by both cross-competitive cell binding and protease sensitivity assays, revealed the existence of three topographically distinct epitopes on the alpha 4 chain, referred to as epitopes A-C. By testing this panel of anti-VLA-4 mAb for inhibition of cell binding to both a 38-kDa Fn fragment containing CS-1 and to VCAM-1, as well as for induction and inhibition of VLA-4 mediated homotypic cell adhesion, we have found overlapping but different functional properties associated with each epitope. Anti-alpha 4 mAb recognizing epitope B inhibited cell attachment to both Fn and VCAM-1, whereas mAb against epitope A did not block VCAM-1 binding and only partially inhibited binding to Fn. In contrast, mAb directed to epitope C did not affect cell adhesion to either of the two VLA-4 ligands. All mAb directed to site A, as well as a subgroup of mAb recognizing epitope B (called B2), were able to induce cell aggregation, but this effect was not exerted by mAb specific to site C and by a subgroup against epitope B (called B1). Moreover, although anti-epitope C and anti-epitope B1 mAb did not trigger aggregation, those mAb blocked aggregation induced by anti-epitope A or B2 mAb. In addition, anti-epitope A mAb blocked B2-induced aggregation, and conversely, anti-epitope B2 mAb blocked A-induced aggregation. Further evidence for multiple VLA-4 functions is that anti-Fn and anti-VCAM-1 antibodies inhibited binding to Fn or to VCAM-1, respectively, but did not affect VLA-4-mediated aggregation. In summary, we have demonstrated that there are at least three different VLA-4-mediated adhesion functions, we have defined three distinct VLA-4 epitopes, and we have correlated these epitopes with the different functions of VLA-4.
Description5 p.-4 fig.-2 tab.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.jbc.org/content/266/16/10241.abstract
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