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Untargeted lipidomic evaluation of hydric and heat stresses on rice growth

AuthorsNavarro-Reig, Meritxell; Tauler, Romà ; Iriondo-Frias, Guillermo; Jaumot, Joaquim
KeywordsHeat stress
Environmental changes
Hydric stress
Multivariate data analysis
Issue DateJan-2019
CitationJournal of Chromatography - B 1104: 148-156 (2019)
AbstractEnvironmental stresses are the major factors that limit the geographical distribution of plants. As a consequence, plants have developed different strategies to adapt to these environmental changes among which can be outlined the maintenance of membranes' integrity and fluidity. Lipids are key molecules for this environmental adaptation and a comprehensive understand of the molecular mechanisms underlying is still required. Here, lipidome changes in Japanese rice (Oryza sativa var. Japonica) upon heat and hydric stresses are assessed using an untargeted approach based on liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The obtained data were analyzed using different multivariate data analysis tools. A total number of 298 lipids responded to these abiotic stresses, and 128 of them were tentatively identified. Diacylglycerols (DG), triacylglycerols (TG), phosphatidylcholines (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamines (PE) were the most altered lipid families heat and hydric stress. Interpretation of the obtained results showed relevant changes related to the unsaturation degree in the identified lipids. In the case of heat stress, a decrease in the unsaturation degree of lipids can be linked to an increase in the cell membranes' rigidity. In contrast, the hydric stress produced an increase in the lipids unsaturation degree causing an increase in the cell membranes' fluidity, in an attempt to adapt to these non-optimal conditions. © 2018
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2018.11.018
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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