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Electrical properties in WO3 doped Bi4Ti3O12 materials

AutorJardiel, Teresa; Caballero Cuesta, Amador; Villegas, Marina
Palabras claveBi4Ti3O12 ceramics
Fecha de publicación2007
CitaciónJournal of the European Ceramic Society 27 (2007) 4115–4119
ResumenElectrical conductivity decrease observed in BIT-based materials doped withW6+ is consistent with a lowering of both oxygen vacancies and hole concentration. The dielectric anomaly observed in BIT at temperatures below Tc decreases and finally disappears with the donor doping. Following the same trend, dielectric losses fall when the amount of dopant increases and remain in low values up to high temperatures. Compared to undoped BIT, substitution of Ti4+ by W6+ leads to a decrease of 2–3 orders of magnitude in the electrical conductivity. The average activation energy for the electrical conductivity depends on the microstructure, specifically on the aspect ratio (length/thickness) of the plate-like grains. This is because the conduction mechanism in the ab planes is different to that of the c-axis, mixing ionic and p-type conductivity, respectively.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2007.02.102
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