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Impact of combined postharvest treatments (UV-C light, gaseous O3, superatmospheric O2 and high CO2) on health promoting compounds and shelf-life of strawberries

AuthorsAllende, Ana ; Marín Fernández, Alicia ; Buendía, Begoña ; Tomás Barberán, Francisco ; Gil Muñoz, M.ª Isabel
KeywordsFragaria ananassa
Microbial growth
Vitamin C
Modified atmosphere packaging
Issue DateDec-2007
CitationPostharvest Biology and Technology 46(3): 201-211 (2007)
AbstractModified atmosphere packaging (MAP), ozone (O3) and ultraviolet-C (UV-C) light, have been suggested as postharvest treatments to control decay of strawberries. However, the influence of these treatments on strawberry phytochemicals has not been thoroughly evaluated. Thus, the impact of individual and combined UV-C light (1 kJ m−2), gaseous O3 (5000 mg L−1) and two active MAP conditions (superatmospheric O2 and CO2-enriched atmospheres) on the polyphenols, vitamin C content and shelf-life of strawberries was studied. Samples were taken initially, and after 5, 9 and 12 days of storage and microbial, nutritional and organoleptical qualities were evaluated. None of the evaluated samples showed visual signs of fungal growth after 12 days of storage, including non-treated samples stored in air. However, phenolic contents of UV-C and O3 treated strawberries were significantly reduced after treatments, mainly due to a significant decrease in procyanidins. Ozonated samples showed the lowest vitamin C contents at the end of storage. On the other hand, when compared with storage in air, strawberries stored under superatmospheric O2 and CO2-enriched concentrations showed lower total phenolic contents after 5 days and a vitamin C reduction after 12 days of storage, accompanied by a more pronounced conversion from reduced to oxidized forms under superatmospheric O2. In general, overall quality was good in all samples throughout the shelf-life except for flavour scores of MAP strawberries, which were clearly lower than air-stored samples after 9 and 12 days of storage. No additional effect was observed when combining the postharvest treatments compared with the effect of individual treatments.
Description11 pages, 7 figures.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.05.007
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos
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