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Long-term plum pox virus infection produces an oxidative stress in a susceptible apricot, Prunus armeniaca, cultivar but not in a resistant cultivar

AuthorsHernández, José Antonio ; Díaz-Vivancos, Pedro; Rubio, Manuel ; Olmos, Enrique ; Ros Barceló, Alfonso; Martínez-Gómez, Pedro
Antioxidant enzymes
Oxidative stress
Plum pox virus
Virus resistance
Photochemical quenching
Issue DateJan-2006
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationPhysiologia Plantarum 126(1): 140-152(2005)
AbstractThe effect of plum pox virus (PPV) infection on the response of some antioxidant enzymes was studied in two apricot cultivars, which behaved differently against PPV infection: cultivar Real Fino (susceptible) and cultivar Stark Early Orange (cv. SEO, resistant). In the susceptible cultivar, PPV produced a decrease in ΦPSII, F'v/F'm and Qp. PPV infection produced a drop in p-hydroxy mercury benzoic acid (pHMB)-sensitive ascorbate peroxidase, dehydroascorbate reductase and peroxidase in the soluble fraction from susceptible plants, whereas in the resistant apricot cultivar, pHMB-insensitive ascorbate peroxidase, monodehydroascorbate reductase, glutathione reductase and superoxide dismutase increased. However, catalase decreased in the soluble fractions from both infected cultivars. Long-term PPV infection also produced a decrease in the chloroplastic ascorbate–glutathione cycle enzymes only in the susceptible plants. As a consequence of PPV infection, an oxidative stress, indicated by an increase in lipid peroxidation and in protein oxidation, was produced only in the leaves from the susceptible cultivar which was also monitored by the diaminobenzidine peroxidase-coupled H2O2 probe. The loss of ΦPSII, indicative of activated oxygen species production, and the decrease in the levels of antioxidant enzymes in chloroplasts from susceptible plants could be responsible for the chlorosis symptoms observed. The results suggest that the higher antioxidant capacity showed by cv. SEO could be a consequence of a systemic acquired resistance induced by PPV penetration in stem tissue at the graft site and could be related, among other factors, to their resistance to PPV.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2005.00581.x
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos
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