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Pathogens’ toolbox to manipulate human complement

AuthorsFernández, Francisco J. ; Gómez, Sara; Vega, María Cristina
Infection biologyVirulence factors
Virulence factors
Issue DateJan-2019
CitationSeminars in Cell and Developmental Biology 85: 98-109 (2019)
AbstractThe surveillance and pathogen fighting functions of the complement system have evolved to protect mammals from life-threatening infections. In turn, pathogens have developed complex molecular mechanisms to subvert, divert and evade the effector functions of the complement. The study of complement immunoevasion by pathogens sheds light on their infection drivers, knowledge that is essential to implement therapies. At the same time, complement evasion also acts as a discovery ground that reveals important aspects of how complement works under physiological conditions. In recent years, complex interrelationships between infection insults and the onset of autoimmune and complement dysregulation diseases have led to propose that encounters with pathogens can act as triggering factors for disease. The correct management of these diseases involves the recognition of their triggering factors and the development and administration of complement-associated molecular therapies. Even more recently, unsuspected proteins from pathogens have been shown to possess moonlighting functions as virulence factors, raising the possibility that behind the first line of virulence factors there be many more pathogen proteins playing secondary, helping and supporting roles for the pathogen to successfully establish infections. In an era where antibiotics have a progressively reduced effect on the management and control of infectious diseases worldwide, knowledge on the mechanisms of pathogenic invasion and evasion look more necessary and pressing than ever
Description12 p.- 3 fig.- 2 tab.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semcdb.2017.12.001
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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