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Synthetic developmental regulator MciZ targets FtsZ across Bacillus species and inhibits bacterial division

AuthorsAraújo-Bazán, Lidia ; Huecas, Sonia ; Valle, Javier; Andreu, David; Andreu, José Manuel
KeywordsBacterial cytoskeleton
FtsZ inhibitors
Staphylococcus aureus
Issue Date12-Jan-2019
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationMolecular Microbiology 111(4) 965–980 (2019)
AbstractCell division in most bacteria is directed by FtsZ, a conserved tubulin-like GTPase that assembles forming the cytokinetic Z-ring and constitutes a target for the discovery of new antibiotics. The developmental regulator MciZ, a 40-amino acid peptide endogenously produced during Bacillus subtilis sporulation, halts cytokinesis in the mother cell by inhibiting FtsZ. The crystal structure of a FtsZ:MciZ complex revealed that bound MciZ extends the C-terminal beta-sheet of FtsZ blocking its assembly interface. Here we demonstrate that exogenously added MciZ specifically inhibits B. subtilis cell division, sporulation and germination, and provide insight into MciZ molecular recognition by FtsZ from different bacteria. MciZ and FtsZ form a complex with sub-micromolar affinity, analyzed by analytical ultracentrifugation, laser biolayer interferometry and isothermal titration calorimetry. Synthetic MciZ analogs, carrying single amino acid substitutions impairing MciZ beta-strand formation or hydrogen bonding to FtsZ, show a gradual reduction in affinity that resembles their impaired activity in bacteria. Gene sequences encoding MciZ spread across genus Bacillus and synthetic MciZ slows down cell division in Bacillus species including pathogenic B. cereus and B. anthracis. Moreover, B. subtilis MciZ is recognized by the homologous FtsZ from Staphylococcus aureus and inhibits division when it is expressed into S. aureus cells.
Description33 p.-9 fig.-1 tab.+ 6 fig. spl.+1 tab.supl.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/mmi.14198
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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