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Long-term ecological research of aquatic ecosystem at Guadalquivir estuary (1997-2014): community structure and food web

AuthorsBaldó, Francisco; González-Ortegón, Enrique ; Canoura, J.; Cuesta, José A. ; Fernández-Delgado, Carlos; Sobrino, Ignacio; Drake, Pilar ; Vilas, César
Issue DateMay-2014
Citation54th Estuarine & Coastal Sciences Association (2014)
AbstractA long term ecological research program (LTER) is developed monthly at the Guadalquivir estuary since 1997. Inter- and intra-specific euryhalinity differences both in prey and predators seem to determine spatial species distribution at this important nursery area: the less euryhaline species (marine recruits) tends to occur at physiologically more favourable salinities (lower osmotic stress and mortality risk); whereas most euryhaline species (estuarine species) occurred at ecologically more favourable salinities (lower inter-specific competition and predation). Likewise, inter-specific differences in spawning periods cause certain temporal segregation of those marine recruits using the estuary. High spatiotemporal coincidence of prey (mainly mysids and copepods) density peaks with that of their predators suggests food availability as a key factor in the estuarine nursery function. According to their distribution, the estuarine stretch situated seaward from the 5 isohaline position is mainly used as a nursery ground, principally during warm period (T > 15 "C). Thus, human management of the freshwater input to the estuary (from a 110 km upstream dam) modifies the nursery ground extent due to seaward/upstream displacements of the estuarine salinity gradient. During droughts, this freshwater control may also lead to a partial loss of the estuarine nursery function due to a decrease of prey availability linked to extremely high-turbidity events.
DescriptionTrabajo presentado en la 54th Estuarine & Coastal Sciences Association (ECSA 54 Coastal systems under change: tuning assessments and management tools), celebrada en Sesimbra (Portugal) del 12 al 14 de mayo de 2014.
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Comunicaciones congresos
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