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Title

Elemental composition of ambient aerosols measured with high temporal resolution using an online XRF spectrometer

AuthorsFurger, Markus; Minguillón, María Cruz CSIC ORCID ; Prévôt, André S. H.
KeywordsAerosoles
Aerosol composition
Environmental monitoring
Particulate matter
Pollution monitoring
Issue Date7-Jun-2017
PublisherCopernicus Publications
CitationAtmospheric Measurement Techniques 10 (6): 2061-2076 (2017)
AbstractThe Xact 625 Ambient Metals Monitor was tested during a 3-week field campaign at the rural, traffic-influenced site Härkingen in Switzerland during the summer of 2015. The field campaign encompassed the Swiss National Day fireworks event, providing increased concentrations and unique chemical signatures compared to non-fireworks (or background) periods. The objective was to evaluate the data quality by intercomparison with other independent measurements and test its applicability for aerosol source quantification. The Xact was configured to measure 24 elements in PM10 with 1g h time resolution. Data quality was evaluated for 10 24g h averages of Xact data by intercomparison with 24g h PM10 filter data analysed with ICP-OES for major elements, ICP-MS for trace elements, and gold amalgamation atomic absorption spectrometry for Hg. Ten elements (S, K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Ba, Pb) showed excellent correlation between the compared methods, with r2 values ≥ g 0.95. However, the slopes of the regressions between Xact 625 and ICP data varied from 0.97 to 1.8 (average 1.28) and thus indicated generally higher Xact elemental concentrations than ICP for these elements. Possible reasons for these differences are discussed, but further investigations are needed. For the remaining elements no conclusions could be drawn about their quantification for various reasons, mainly detection limit issues. An indirect intercomparison of hourly values was performed for the fireworks peak, which brought good agreement of total masses when the Xact data were corrected with the regressions from the 24g h value intercomparison. The results demonstrate that multi-metal characterization at high-time-resolution capability of Xact is a valuable and practical tool for ambient monitoring. © Author(s) 2017.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-10-2061-2017
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/174636
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.5194/amt-10-2061-2017
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