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Evolution of the microbiological and biochemical characteristics of Afuega'l Pitu cheese during ripening

AuthorsCuesta, Paloma; Fernández García, Estrella; González de Llano, Dolores ; Montilla, Antonia ; Rodríguez González, Ana
Issue Date1996
CitationJournal of Dairy Science 79(10): 1693-1698 (1996)
AbstractChanges in the microflora and biochemical characteristics of Afuega'l Pitu cheese were studied throughout a 60-d ripening period. Total viable counts were high in milk (7.62 ± 0.95 logio cfu/ml) and in cheese throughout ripening (9.26 ± 0.56 logio cfu/mg in 3-d-old cheese; 8.06 ± 0.47 logio cfu/g in 60-d-old cheese). Lactic acid bacteria were the main microbial group responsible for the substantial pH decrease during coagulation and for the further maintenance of low pH. Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis, citrate-utilizing Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis, Leuconostoc mesenteroides ssp. mesenteroides, Leuconostoc mesenteroides ssp. dextranicum, Leuconostoc citreum, Leuconostoc paramesenteroides, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus brevis were the species identified. Mean TS and the percentage of salt in the moisture phase increased significantly during ripening to reach 72.32 and 7.51%, respectively, in 60-d-old cheeses. The mean fat and protein contents were 46.67% and 41.77% of TS, respectively. Proteolysis was weak, water-soluble N attained 16% of total N at the end of ripening, and phosphotungstic acid-soluble N increased from 0.36 to 2.12% of total N during 60 d of ripening. The β-CN remained relatively intact, and, consequently, the γ-CN fraction did not significantly increase. Residual αsi-CN also remained quite high throughout ripening compared with other varieties of traditional raw milk cheeses.
Identifiersdoi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(96)76534-7
issn: 0022-0302
e-issn: 1525-3198
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