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You have access HCN Regulates Cellular Processes through Posttranslational Modification of Proteins by S-cyanylation

AuthorsGarcía, Irene CSIC ORCID ; Arenas-Alfonseca, Lucía CSIC ORCID; Moreno, Inmaculada CSIC ORCID; Gotor, Cecilia CSIC ORCID ; Romero, Luis C. CSIC ORCID CVN
Issue Date2019
PublisherAmerican Society of Plant Biologists
CitationPlant Physiology, 179(1). 2019
AbstractHydrogen cyanide (HCN) is coproduced with ethylene in plant cells and is primarily enzymatically detoxified by the mitochondrial β-CYANOALANINE SYNTHASE (CAS-C1). Permanent or transient depletion of CAS-C1 activity in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) results in physiological alterations in the plant that suggest that HCN acts as a gasotransmitter molecule. Label-free quantitative proteomic analysis of mitochondrially enriched samples isolated from the wild type and cas-c1 mutant revealed significant changes in protein content, identifying 451 proteins that are absent or less abundant in cas-c1 and 353 proteins that are only present or more abundant in cas-c1. Gene ontology classification of these proteins identified proteomic changes that explain the root hairless phenotype and the altered immune response observed in the cas-c1 mutant. The mechanism of action of cyanide as a signaling molecule was addressed using two proteomic approaches aimed at identifying the S-cyanylation of Cys as a posttranslational modification of proteins. Both the 2-imino-thiazolidine chemical method and the direct untargeted analysis of proteins using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry identified a set of 163 proteins susceptible to S-cyanylation that included SEDOHEPTULOSE 1,7-BISPHOSPHATASE (SBPase), the PEPTIDYL-PROLYL CIS-TRANS ISOMERASE 20-3 (CYP20-3), and ENOLASE2 (ENO2). In vitro analysis of these enzymes showed that S-cyanylation of SBPase Cys74, CYP20-3 Cys259, and ENO2 Cys346 residues affected their enzymatic activity. Gene Ontology classification and protein-protein interaction cluster analysis showed that S-cyanylation is involved in the regulation of primary metabolic pathways, such as glycolysis, and the Calvin and S-adenosyl-Met cycles.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.18.01083
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