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Heavy metals' content of automotive shredder residues (ASR): Evaluation of environmental risk

AutorGonzález-Fernández, Oscar; Hidalgo, M.; Marguí, Eva ; Carvalho, M. L.; Queralt Mitjans, Ignacio
Palabras claveAutomotive shredder residue
DIN 38414–S4
X-ray fluorescence
Fecha de publicaciónmay-2008
CitaciónEnvironmental Pollution 153(2): 476-482 (2008)
ResumenEvery year between 8 and 9 millions of vehicles in the European Union arrive to their end of life. Car wastes can have a very high metal content, falling into hazardous waste class. A preliminary evaluation of these wastes could be made by metals' leaching test runs which is the main objective of the present study. Evaluation of the total metal content was carried out by X-ray fluorescence and the mobility of these metals using two simple standardized extractions such as the TCLP (Toxicity Characterisation Leaching Procedure) of the US EPA and the German leaching test DIN 38414–S4. Additionally, an extraction test with acetone was performed in order to recognise metals bounded to organic matter. The results show that the total metal content of the ASR can overpass the established values for inert residues. Lead and zinc contents are fairly well correlated with grain-size, whilst other metals' contents do not exhibit clear grain-size dependence. High amounts of Pb and Zn from the finest fractions of automotive shredder residue imply environmental and toxic risks.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.08.002
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