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Title

Viral distribution and activity in Antarctic waters

AuthorsGuixa-Boixareu, Núria; Vaqué, Dolors ; Gasol, Josep M. ; Sánchez-Cámara, Jaime; Pedrós-Alió, Carlos
Issue Date2002
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationDeep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 49(4-5): 827-845 (2002)
AbstractVariability in abundance of virus-like particles (VLP), VLP decay rates and prokaryotic mortality due to viral infection were determined in three Antarctic areas: Bellingshausen Sea, Bransfield Strait and Gerlache Strait, during December 1995 and February 1996. VLP abundance showed very small spatial variability in the three areas (7 × 106- 2 × 107 VLP ml-1). VLP abundance, on the other hand, decreased one order of magnitude from the surface to the bottom, in two stations where deep vertical profiles were sampled. Low seasonal variability in VLP abundance was found when comparing each area separately. Diel VLP variability was also very low. VLP abundance showed the lowest values when solar irradiation was maximal, in two of the three stations where diel cycles were examined. Viral decay rates (VDR) were determined using KCN in two kinds of experiments. Type 1 experiments were performed in 6 stations to determine viral decay. Type 2 experiments were carried out in 2 stations to examine the influence of temperature and organic matter concentration on viral decay. VDR was not influenced by these parameters. Prokaryotic mortality due to viral infection was always higher than that due to bacterivores in the stations where both factors of prokaryotic mortality were measured. Viral infection accounted for all the prokaryotic heterotrophic production in Bellingshausen Sea and Gerlache Strait and for half of the prokaryotic heterotrophic production in Bransfield Strait. These high values of prokaryotic mortality due to viral infection are difficult to reconcile in nature, and more work is necessary to determine the mechanisms involved in the disappearance of viruses. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved
DescriptionSpecial issue: FRUELA - A Carbon Flux Study in the Antarctic Peninsula Area.-- 19 pages, 10 figures, 4 tables
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00126-6
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/173440
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00126-6
issn: 0967-0645
e-issn: 1879-0100
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